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Ref NoD-X 1007
Title"The Gordon Wyatt Bequest to the Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society", principally records of the Egleton family of the Grove in Ellesborough
DescriptionIntroduction

The Manor of Grove in Ellesborough was held by the Verney family between 1459 and the 1550s. In 1564 it was conveyed to Nicholas Egleton and remained in that family until the 1690s, which accounts for the survival of the 15th-century draft court rolls among the Egleton papers. By 1631 the manor was in the hands of Christopher Egleton [I].

From 1603 to 1663 the parish register of Ellesborough lists the baptisms of five children of Christopher Egleton [I]:
Ursula Egleton, baptised 28 August 1605
Elizabeth Egleton, baptised 12 October 1607 (married Mr William Theed at Ellesborough on 24 June 1630).
Christopher Egleton [II], baptised 5 November 1609
George Egleton, baptised 13 January 1610/1611
Henry Egleton, baptised 28 December 1612

The 'Heralds Visitation of Bucks, 1634' names Christopher, George and Henry, but they are incorrectly given as the sons of Francis Egleton of Wotton Underwood, who was the brother of Christopher Egleton [I].

Christopher Egleton [I] was buried in Ellesborough on 21 June 1637. In his will dated 10 Jan 1636/1637, he refers to his wife Dorothy Egleton, his eldest son Christopher Egleton, two other sons George Egleton and Henry Egleton and two daughters, one named as Elizabeth Theed and the other simply referred to as daughter Egleton. One of the witnesses is Thomas Style.

Christopher Egleton [I] was succeeded as lord of the manor of Grove by his eldest son Christopher Egleton [II]. In 1631 he had married Margaret Style, daughter of Thomas Style. The bulk of the Egleton papers in the Wyatt bequest relate to Christopher Egleton [II].

Christopher Egleton [II] was baptised in 1609, matriculated at St Alban Hall, Oxford, in 1627 and went to Lincoln's Inn in October 1628. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the Civil War and held commissions in the army in the 1640s as captain and later sergeant-major.

The Egletons seem to exemplify those minor gentry families who had been outside the governing class before the Civil War but who were elevated to positions of local power during the War and Commonwealth period. Christopher Egleton served as a member of the County Committee for Bucks from about 1644 and was also named as a deputy lieutenant. Under the Commonwealth the county committees' powers were drastically reduced but they continued to function. Egleton was named as one of the commissioners to serve under the deputies to Major-General Fleetwood in 1655-6.

In 1650 Christopher Egleton was appointed steward of the manors of the Royalist Sir John Pakington, 2nd baronet, by Edmund Hoskins and George Gosnold, two of the trustees of the manors. Gosnold was the Steward of County Sequestrations; Dr Wyatt's notes (see citation below) describe him as an attorney from Chesham, of a minor gentry family, but in Egleton's appointment and in a bond of 1651 Gosnold is described as of Beaconsfield (D-X 1007/11/1, 12/8). In October 1646 Pakington had been ordered to compound for half the value of his property, reduced to one-third on appeal in July 1647. He was assessed for payment of £3,000 and was sequestered for non-payment in September 1648. On payment of the fine in March 1649 he was granted possession of his estate and was assisted in enforcing payment of rents by his tenants. In December 1649 the townspeople of Aylesbury were granted the use of the pasture-ground called Heydon Hill, part of Pakington's estate, but in the conveyance other property and privileges were also included. Pakington fought with Charles II at the Battle of Worcester in 1651 and his estates were again sequestered. He was granted permission to compound at two years' value in August 1654. In September 1659 Pakington's estates were again ordered to be seized but no action appears to have been taken. Christopher Egleton continued to act as steward of the manors after the Restoration, as is shown by a document of March 1662/3 (D-X 1007/20/10).

The Ellesborough parish register records the baptisms of the following children of Christopher Egleton, presumably Christopher Egleton [II]:
Christopher Egleton, baptised 4 July 1636
Henry Egleton, baptised 31 July 1638
Francis Egleton, baptised 19 February 1642/1643
Margaret Egleton, baptised 2 April 1645
John Egleton, baptised 17 September 1647
Robert Egleton, baptised 2 December 1649 (born 21 November)
Ann Egleton, baptised 29 September 1652 (born 21 August)
Henry Egleton, born 10 October 1654

The baptisms of Christopher [II]'s eldest son Thomas Egleton, and another son Francis Egleton, whose burial is recorded on 15 February 1635/1636, were not found in the register. However there is a baptism for Amy Egleton, daughter of Mr Thomas Egleton and his wife Amy Egleton, on 8 March 1660/1661.

Christopher Egleton [II] appears to have survived until 1690, the burial of Christopher Egleton, Esquire, is recorded at Ellesborough on 11 October 1690. After his death Grove was inherited by his eldest son Thomas Egleton, who was buried in Ellesborough on 13 February 1691/1692. His heiress was his daughter Amy Pilkington, wife of Sir Lyon Pilkington, baronet. They were seised of the manor in 1694 but sold it at that date or shortly afterwards, thereby bringing to an end the Egleton family's tenure of the manor.

Sources: :
Ellesborough parish registers (BRO)
Will of Christopher Egleton senior, 1637 (D-A/We/31/248)
Victoria County History of Bucks, Volume. II, page 335
Heralds Visitation of Bucks, 1634 (Harleian Soc., vol. 90, 1909, pp. 51-2)
Dictionary of National Biography, entry on Sir John Pakington (1620-1680)
Dr G. Wyatt's notes taken from A.M. Johnson, 'Buckinghamshire 1640-1660: a study in county politics', unpublished M.A. thesis (Swansea, 1963)
G. Wyatt, 'Financing the Civil War', Records of Buckinghamshire, vol.18, pp. 427-430 (1970)


This collection is principally records of the Egleton family of the Grove in Ellesborough, 17th century, including stewards' papers relating to the manors of Aylesbury and Broughton Staveley, c1626-1671, with copies of earlier records from the 15th century to 1639, personal, family and official records, and draft court rolls of the manor of Grove, c1471-1495

Summary of contents

D-X 1007/1-32
Records of the manors of Aylesbury and Broughton Staveley (alias Broughton Holland and Broughton Parva), c1626-1671
These are mostly papers of the stewards for the Pakington family, c1626-1671, with copies of some earlier material from the 15th century to 1639 (copies compiled mid-17th cent)

The records are essentially of two kinds:
a) those which relate to manor court proceedings, eg. draft rolls, extracts from court rolls, lists of suitors, presentments and memoranda of surrenders and admissions out of court, these are of particular importance as the court rolls themselves have been lost..
b) those which provide general information for the manorial administration, often in draft form, eg. rentals, extracts from earlier documents.

Lords of the manors identified in these documents (including the copy documents):
Broughton Staveley only:
George Staffeley, son and heir of William Staffeley, deceased (1503); John Staveley (1542); Thomas Tasebrough (1576-1578).
Aylesbury and Broughton Staveley:
Sir John Pakington and Dorothy Pakington his wife (1602-1606); Sir Robert Dormer, Sir William Borlase and Thomas Spencer (1608); Sir John Pakington (1617); Sir Thomas, afterwards Lord Coventry, Sir William Borlase, Thomas Spencer, Richard Cresheld, Humphrey Smith [trustees during Sir John Pakington's minority] (1626-1640); Richard Cresheld [trustee] (1640-1641); Sir John Pakington (1641-1648); Sherington Talbott, Francis Finch, John Prettiman, Thomas Westrowe, Edmund Hoskins, Richard Salway, and George Gosnold [trustees during Pakington's sequestration] (1650-1660); Sir John Pakington (1662-1663).
Stewards identified:
Richard Moore (Aylesbury, 1602); John Duncombe (Broughton Staveley, 1626); Christopher Egleton (1650-1660).

D-X 1007/33-38
Papers of Christopher Egleton of The Grove in Ellesborough, 1609-1660
Non-manorial items extracted from D-X 1007/1-31. They particularly relate to Egleton's activities as a Justice of the Peace for Bucks, 1657-1662

D-X 1007/39-44
Records of Manor of Grove in Ellesborough, c1471-1495
Lords of the manor:
Sir Ralph Verney [died 1478]; Emma, widow of Sir Ralph Verney (1480-1482); Ralph Verney, esquire (1494-1495).

D-X 1007/45-56
Additional records of the Egleton family, 17th century
Most records relate to Christopher Egleton, including offices held during the Civil War and Commonwealth period. 51-55 appear to belong here because they either appear to bear Christopher Egleton's handwriting or relate to Ellesborough

D-X 1007/57-60
Records of the Drake family of Shardeloes, Amersham, including orders relating to Quarter Sessions, 1722-1775

D-X 1007/61-64
Records relating to Quarter Sessions, 1774-1787
These may be records of William Drake (like D-X 1007/60) but there is no evidence of this

D-X 1007/65-70
Miscellaneous papers relating to Farnham Royal, Newport Pagnell, Princes Risborough, Shabbington, Stokenchurch, West Wycombe, and Wraysbury, 1631-1723
The items in this section were deposited in the Record Office in a single bundle. Some have reference numbers showing them to be from the papers of the collector of manuscripts, Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872). Other items in the bundle do not have such numbers, but they may also be from the same collection. The Phillipps numbers are given in this section of the catalogue after the B.A.S. numbers.

D-X 1007/71-73
Miscellaneous items including apprenticeship indentures, 1762-1796, and marriage settlement of Drummond Smith of Tring, Hertfordshire, and his wife Mary Smith, 1790
Access_StatusOpen
Date15th cent - 17th cent
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