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Ref NoB-Buc/1/1
TitleCharter to Incorporate the Borough of Buckingham by Letters Patent of Mary I
DescriptionIt was to be governed by the bailiff (elected annually) and 12 principal burgesses. The charter also created the office of steward, to be elected by the borough. The bailiff was to hold the offices of escheator, coroner and clerk of the market and to act as a justice of the peace within the borough. The borough was also granted the return of writs to the exclusion of the sheriff of the county.
Among the privileges granted to the borough were a court to be held every three weeks to hear cases of debt, trespass, etc., up to the value of £5 (this appears to have replaced the court of portmote), a weekly market on Tuesdays, two annual fairs with a court of pie-powder, a twice-yearly view of frankpledge, the assize of bread and ale, the right to a gaol within the borough and the right to return two burgesses to Parliament.

[2 membranes of parchment, with Great Seal, brown wax, (slightly damaged), appended on green and white thread. The initial M contains a drawing of the queen enthroned. A translation of the text will be found in G. Lipscomb, History of Bucks, Vol. II (1847) pp. 562-563; details of the contents are also given in D.J. Elliott, Buckingham: the Loyal and Ancient Borough (1975), pp. 39-41]
Date27 Jan [1554]
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